The raw material used for a 3D printer is called Filament. It comes in rolls.
Purpose of the filament is to be the raw 3d printing material that is input to the 3D Printer. It melts & flows while being deposited to create a certain Shape. Its motive in a 3D printer is that you can print in any color you want. Filaments provide strong adhesion between layers and give results that are just incredible.
It provides the materials commonly ABS or PLA. The hot end of the 3D printer melts the filament & extrudes the liquid onto the printed object. The term can also apply to the fish line. Just as a standard inkjet printer uses ink to print on paper, a 3d printer uses molten plastic which comes as a filament in various grades and colors. Some are 1.75 mm thick and others < 3 mm.
PLA Filament is one of two common plastics used on FDM machines (3D printing) and is commonly available as a 3D printable PLA filament.
ABS is a commonly used 3D printing material. Best used for making durable parts that need to withstand higher temperatures. In comparison to PLA filament, ABS plastic is less “brittle” and more “ductile.” It can also be post-processed with acetone to provide a glossy finish.
The standard entry level 3d printers use one filament at a time analogous to the black ink cartridge in inkjet printers. However, you also get 3d printers that take 2 filaments.
It is heated similar to how a glue gun operates. The only difference is with 3d printers, it is fed through an extruder with automated feeding. The molten plastic is painted to a specific profile in several layers to gradually build up the 3d model.
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